Bright lights: Most of us might have experienced watery eyes when exposed to bright lights including sunlight. This is because, the eyes become sensitive to bright lights (also known as photophobia), which causes redness, itching, and watery eyes. When the eyes are exposed to bright lights it produces excess tears which in turn causes watery eyes. To protect your eyes from sunlight and other bright lights, it is wise to wear sunglasses when traveling outdoors.
Air pollutants: The eyes are one of the sensitive organs which are prone to irritation from chemicals, gases, fumes, allergens, and pollutants present in the air. Due to an increase in the level of indoor and outdoor air pollution, many people do complain of redness and itchy eyes, especially when the pollutants levels are high. Exposure to these pollutants, in the long run, can cause chronic discomfort and irritation of the eyes leading to watery eyes. One of the effective ways to beat indoor air pollution is to get an air purifier which keeps the air fresh and prevents the eyes from the harmful effects of pollutants.
Conjunctivitis: Commonly known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the eyes either due to bacteria, virus, any foreign material or allergens. As the eyes are inflamed, it leads to redness and causes watery eyes. Some of the other common symptoms of this condition include blurry vision, mucus in the eyes and redness of the inner eyelids. Consult a doctor to know the cause of the inflammation and get it treated. Also, avoid touching the eyes with your hands as it can further worsen the condition.
Allergies: The effect of allergens on the eyes is often not taken seriously. Exposure to common allergens such as pollens, pet hair, mites, fumes, and chemicals can cause the eyes to become red, itchy and watery. Beware of the allergens including indoor air pollutants that can cause irritation and redness of the eyes and lead to an allergic reaction. Although over-the-counter (OTC) eye drops are used to subside the allergic reaction, it is wise to consult a doctor to get treated than try out home remedies or OTC medicines.
Dry eyes: Yes! Dry eyes can also cause watery eyes. Constant exposure to bright lights and screen drains off water from the eyes. This causes the eyes to produce more tears to keep the eyes moisturized. As a result, dry eyes can lead to an excess tear production which in turns causes watery eyes. If you spend most of your time on computers, consult your doctor on how to treat watery eyes and prevent dry eyes syndrome. Additionally, do limit your screen time whenever possible to reduce the overall effect on the eyes.
Blocked tear ducts: It is a condition in which the tear ducts which carry away tears is blocked. Normally, tears drain into the nose through an opening near the nose. If the tear ducts are not fully open or blocked due to any condition, it causes accumulation of the tears. Excess accumulation of tears leads it to flow out which causes watery eyes. Do consult your doctor if you have persistent watery eyes as it could be due to blocked tear ducts which need to be treated.
Rheumatoid arthritis: An inflammation of the eyes is one of the common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA is an autoimmune condition where the immune system produces antibodies against the body’s own cells. As a result, different parts of the body are attacked by the immune cells. In some cases, the eye membrane, which is known as the conjunctiva, gets inflamed, which causes watery eyes along with redness and itching of the eyes. In some cases, it can also cause pain in the eyes and discharge from the eyes.
In the case of excessive tear production, watery eyes can often be treated very simply, with eye drops, warm compresses or sometimes medication. Treatment for tear drainage problems is usually surgical, but there’s no need to worry, as most surgical treatments are quick and highly effective.