Missed Period! Is It A Sign Of Pregnancy?

These is the most common question that haunts a woman after she had an unprotected sex. 

Some of the health conditions that can cause missed periods include

– Stress

– Being Underweight

– Obesity

– Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

– Birth control pills

– Chronic diseases like diabetes and thyroid

– Early Menopause

Well, we are not divulging into the details of the health problems, but are here to tell you more about periods and answer the common queries related to missed periods and pregnancy.

What Causes Missed periods?

Ideally, the menstrual cycle ranges from 21 days to 35 days. However, due to changes in the hormonal level there are chances that your periods might get delayed. But if your menstrual cycle is shorter than 15 days or if it is longer than 35 days, it means you suffer from irregular periods. There are numerous causes of missed periods right from the use of birth control pills and pregnancy to obesity and stress. To know the exact cause of missed periods it is important to consult a doctor.

Does Missed Periods Indicate Pregnancy?

Yes, there are high chances that missed periods could be a sign of pregnancy but only if you have been sexually active. This is because, every month, the body prepares the uterus for the pregnancy. If fertilization doesn’t occur, it causes the uterus lining to shed leading to menstrual bleeding. This is regulated by the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The hormone estrogen stimulates the growth of the uterine lining whereas the hormone progesterone aids in the growth of the uterus lining. So when the level of progesterone decreases, the uterine lining sheds, leading to periods.

But when you get pregnant, the secretion of progesterone hormone is triggered which causes the uterine lining to thicken and restrict its shedding, thus not leading to periods. This is the reason why missed periods indicate pregnancy.

Missed periods. How do I know if I am pregnant? 

There are certain changes that happen in the body during pregnancy. These signs usually start after a week of conception and include:

-Missed periods

-Implantation bleeding

-Headache

-Fatigue

-Abdominal cramps

-Vaginal discharge

-Nausea

-Breast soreness and tenderness

-Food cravings

-Frequent urination

If you experience any of these signs or suspect being pregnant, then it is wise to consult a doctor to know the exact cause of missed periods. Your gynaecologist might ask your personal history and do a physical examination. If she suspects pregnancy, then she may order a blood test to confirm pregnancy.

If you are reluctant to visit a doctor personally, you can even go for online consultation. Another simple way to know if you are pregnant is to use a home pregnancy test kit.

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